What is Yellow Fever (YF)? Where to test, vaccinate to travel by flight, Cost? List of Yellow Fever Vaccination Center by Country 1

Yellow Fever

What is Yellow Fever (YF)? Where to test, vaccinate, Cost? Search the list of Yellow Fever Vaccination Center by Country

What is Yellow Fever (YF)?

Yellow Fever (YF) is another viral infection caused by YF Virus which is mainly transmitted through infected mosquitoes.

What are the symptoms of Yellow Fever?

  • Fever (mild to severe)
  • Head ache
  • Muscle pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Jaundice which causes skin and eyes in yellow color
  • Bleeding

What are the 3 types of Yellow Fever transmission cycles?

  1. Sylvatic (or jungle) yellow fever: Spreads when monkeys are bitten by wild mosquitoes that pass the virus on to other monkeys and humans.
  2. Intermediate yellow fever: It spreads hen semi-domestic mosquitoes infect both monkeys and people. This is the most common type of outbreak in Africa.
  3. Urban yellow fever: It cause large epidemics when infected people introduce the virus into heavily populated areas with high mosquito density and where people have little immunity.

Yellow Fever Transmission CycleYellow Fever Transmission Cycle.1

Is Yellow Fever vaccination and proof of vaccination mandatory to travel through flight / airline from certain Countries?

  • Yes. If you are traveling from the below mentioned countries in a table, Yellow Fever Vaccine is mandatory and vaccination certificate is also required to board the flight.
  • Always check the entry requirement of your destination country for Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate before booking the flight.

Countries/areas at risk of Yellow Fever transmission, as per the WHO International Travel and Health guidelines, are:

São Paulo – Inauguração da linha final de produção da vacina contra febre amarela na unidade Libbs Farmacêutica, uma empresa privada que fez acordo de transferência de tecnologia com o Instituto de Tecnologia em Imunobiológicos (Bio-Manguinhos) da Fiocruz (Rovena Rosa/Agência Brasil)

Angola Colombia Gambia Niger Surinam
Argentina Congo Ghana Nigeria Togo
Bolivia Côte d’Ivoire Guinea Benin Panama Trinidad and Tobago
Brazil DR Congo Guinea-Bissau Paraguay Uganda
Burkina Faso Ecuador Guyana Peru Venezuela
Burundi Equatorial Guinea Kenya Senegal
Cameroon Ethiopia Liberia Sierra Leone
Central African Republic French Guiana Mali South Sudan
Chad Gabon Mauritania Sudan

Countries with low potential for exposure to yellow fever (YF) virus

  • Eritrea
  • Rwanda
  • São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Somalia
  • Tanzania
  • Zambia

Which Country requires proof of yellow fever (YF) Vaccination certificate from all the passengers / travelers?

Angola Central African Republic Gabon Niger Uganda
Benin Congo, Repubic of the Ghana Sierra Leone
Burkina Faso Côte d’Ivoire Guinea2 South Sudan
Burundi Democratic Republic of Congo Guinea-Bissau Sudan
Cameroon French Guiana Mali Togo

Diet for Yellow Fever Patients

To get over the disease at the earliest, it is important to pay attention to the diet of a yellow fever patient. Some essential diet tips to follow in yellow fever are:

  • Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated
  • Eat lots of fresh fruits like mango, and papaya, which are loaded with digestive enzymes
  • Eat fresh and green vegetables
  • Consider high-fiber food options like oats, whole grains, and nuts
  • Take plenty of rest to give time for your body to heal.


YF (Yellow Fever) Vaccination Clinics in Canada

Email: If you have any queries, contact [email protected]

How to apply to become a Yellow Fever Vaccination Centre? (Download the application and attestation form)

yellow-fever-certificate in Canada

United States (US)

Which Countries had the risk of Yellow Fever Transmission?

Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guyana, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago and Venezuela.

Which YF (Yellow Fever) Vaccine is licensed to use in the United States (US)?

According to CDC, the vaccine named “YF-Vax, Sanofi Pasteur” is licensed to use for YF virus.

*Always check from the reputed medical institutions

YF (Yellow Fever) Vaccination Clinics in USA


Email: If you have any queries, contact CDC at [email protected]

Cost of YF (Yellow Fever) Vaccination is $ 180

Yellow Fever in Clinics


Is yellow vaccination (ICVP) required to enter Malaysia?

Yes it is safe to show the proof of yellow fever vaccination.

Yellow Fever Vaccine Clinic in Malaysia

Address: Sunway Medical Centre
5, Jalan Lagoon Selatan, Bandar Sunway, 47500 Subang Jaya, Selangor
Phone+603-7491 9191 / +603-5566 9191
Whatsapp: +6019 388 3281 (For Medical Enquiry ONLY)
Fax: +603-7491 8181
Operation Hours: Monday – Friday: 8.30am – 5.00pm
Saturday: 8.30am – 1.00pm
Email: [email protected]

Website: https://www.sunwaymedical.com/en/yellow-fever-vaccine


Requirements at Point of Entry

  • If you’re travelling to Egypt (9 months or over), you must provide Yellow Fever Vaccination certificate of an international vaccination certificate as specified in Annex 6 of the IHR.
  • For travellers having transited for more than 12 hours in an airport of a country with risk of yellow fever transmission.

Which countries have the risk of Yellow fever transmission?

Africa: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo and Uganda.

Which Countries with risk of Poliovirus?

  • Afghanistan – Malawi – Mozambique – Pakistan – Madagascar – Democratic Republic of the Congo.

All residents and long-term visitors (more than 4 weeks) to countries with the potential risk of international spread of polio virus, receive a dose of bivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (bOPV) or inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) vaccine between 4 weeks and 12 months prior to traveling to Egypt.

Who needed additional doses for Yellow Fever?

  • Woman who were pregnant when first vaccinated.
  • Persons who received a hematopoietic stem cell transplant following their last dose of yellow fever vaccine
  • Persons who’re HIV-infected
  • Travelers who received yellow fever vaccine at least 10 years previously and who will be in a higher-risk setting based on season, location, activities, and duration of their travel
  • Laboratory workers who routinely handle wild-type yellow fever virus.


1.At what season yellow fever spread?

  • West Africa – During the late rainy and early dry seasons (July to October)
  • Brazil – Highest during the rainy season (January to March)

2. Where does yellow fever occur?

  • It occurs in 47 endemic countries in Africa in Central and South America. Around 90% of cases reported every year occur in Sub-Saharan Africa.

3. Am I protected from yellow fever immediately following vaccination?

  • It takes 10 to 14 days from the date of vaccination for a person to develop immunity to the yellow fever virus.
  • The vaccination certificate for yellow fever is valid from 10 days after administration of the vaccine for recipients.

4. Who manages the yellow fever vaccine supply for routine immunization and preventive mass campaign?

  • WHO and UNICEF have the oversight role in tracking and supplying yellow fever vaccine for routine immunization. The YF Initiative (YFI) led by WHO and UNICEF coordinates yellow fever control at the global level.

5. How is it diagnosed?

  • Yellow fever is difficult to diagnose (especially during the early stages) because its symptoms can be confused with other common diseases such as malaria, dengue, leptospirosis and Zika virus, as well as with poisoning.

6. How can people reduce the chance of getting infected with yellow fever virus?

  • When you go outdoors, use insect repellent.
  • Wear proper clothing to reduce mosquito bites
  • Be aware of peak mosquito hours.

Is there any problem / complaint with reaching the Yellow Fever (YF) Address or Phone number? Please report any issues using the below comment form.

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One thought on “What is Yellow Fever (YF)? Where to test, vaccinate to travel by flight, Cost? List of Yellow Fever Vaccination Center by Country

  • Philip Dordoh-Gasu

    Please, my friend, Henry Kwame Obeng, and myself – Philip Dordor-Gasu of Ghana Atomic Energy Commission are
    to travel to Jamaica for an international meeting organized by the International Atomic Energy Agency (I.A.E.A).
    The I.A.E.A. has bought a round-trip ticket for the meeting for us from Accra, Ghana to Jamaica.
    The itinerary requires that we make transit to Istanbul and New York.

    We want to find out from your office if we will need a transit visa for the transit to Istanbul and New York.